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مُساهمة من طرف Shamsology في الثلاثاء سبتمبر 14, 2010 9:05 am





حبة اختصارات .................يارب تساعد ويكون ف عونكم.......

Obstetrics & Gynecology .. طب النســاء و التوليد






Oral contraceptive complications: warning signs
ACHES
Abdominal pain
Chest pain
Headache .. severe
Eye .. blurred vision
Sharp leg pain




Abdominal pain: causes during pregnancy
LARA CROFT
Labour
Abruption of placenta
Rupture .. eg. ectopic/ uterus
Abortion
Cholestasis
Rectus sheath haematoma
Ovarian tumour
Fibroids
Torsion of uterus




Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH): causes
4 'T's
Tissue >> retained placenta
Tone >> uterine atony
Trauma >> traumatic delivery, episiotomy
Thrombin >> coagulation disorders, DIC




Prenatal care questions
ABCDE
Amniotic fluid leakage?
Bleeding vaginally?
Contractions?
Dysuria?
Edema?
Fetal movement?




Vaginal pH
Vagina has 4 labia and normal pH of vagina is about 4




CVS and amniocentesis: when performed
"Chorionic" has 9 letters and Chorionic villus sampling performed at 9 weeks gestation
"AlphaFetoProtein" has 16 letters and it's measured at 16 weeks gestation


Dermatology ... الجلدية





Malignant melanoma: 3 sites with poor prognosis

BANS
Back of Arm
Neck
Scalp




Albinism: type I vs. II classification
"One has None. Two Accumulates"
Type I: have no pigment
Type II: No pigment at birth, but accumulates as person ages




Generalized skin hyperpigmentation: causes
"With generalized, none of skin is SPARED"
Sunlight
Pregnancy
Addison's disease
Renal failure
Excess iron .. haemochromatosis
Drugs .. eg busulphan




Clubbing: causes
CLUBBING
Cyanotic heart disease
Lung disease .. hypoxia, lung cancer, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis
UC/Crohn's disease
Biliary cirrhosis
Birth defect .. harmless
Infective endocarditis
Neoplasm .. esp. Hodgkins
GI malabsorption




Cutaneous inflammation patterns
"Pus of Pig Valve"
• Remove the vowels: PSFPGVLV
Psoriaform
Spongiotic .. eczematous
Folliculitis
Panniculitis
Granulomatous
Vasculopathic
Lichenoid
Vessiculobullous




Nodules: painful cutaneous nodules causes
BENGAL CO
Blue rubber bleb nevus
Eccrine spiradenoma
Neurilemmoma/ Neuroma
Glomus tumor
Angiolipoma/ Angioleiomyoma/ Angiosarcoma
Leiomyoma
Cutaneous endometriosis/ Calcinosis cutis
Osteoma cutis




Wound healing: factors delaying
DID NOT HEAL
Drugs
Infection/ Icterus/ Ischemia
Diabetes
Nutrition
Oxygen .. hypoxia
Toxins
Hypothermia/ Hyperthermia
EtOH
Acidosis
Local anesthetics




White patch of skin: differential
"Vitiligo PATCH"
Vitiligo
Pityriasis alba/ Post-inflammatory hypopigmentation
Age related hypopigmentation
Tinea versicolor/ Tuberous sclerosis .. ashleaf macule
Congenital birthmark
Hansen's .. leprosy




Psoriasis: pathophysiology
PSORIASIS
Pink Papules/ Plaques/ Pinpoint bleeding (Auspitz sign)/ Physical injury (Koebner phenomenon)/ Pain
Silver Scale/ Sharp margins
Onycholysis/ Oil spots
Rete Ridges with Regular elongation
Itching
Arthritis/ Absces .. Munro
Stratum corneum with nuclei, neutrophils
Immunologic
Stratum granulosum absent/ Stratum Spinosum thickening




Raynaud's phenomenon: causes
COLD HAND
Cryoglobulins/ Cryofibrinogens
Obstruction/ Occupational
Lupus erythematosus, other connective tissue disease
Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs
Hematologic problems .. polycythemia, leukemia, etc
Arterial problems .. atherosclerosis
Neurologic problems .. vascular tone
Disease of unknown origin .. idiopathic



Shamsology
مـشــرف عــام
مـشــرف عــام

عدد المشاركات : 1191
تاريخ التسجيل : 16/07/2010
المود :

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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